Agriculture In Edo State


Another product in which the state is a leading producer in Nigeria is timber. It comes in different varieties, which are found in all parts of the state. Timber is used in one form or the other in homes and industries. Specifically it is used in making furniture, paper and pulp, saw dust, adhesives, herbal roof and leaves. Timber is an important foreign exchange earner for the country.

Major food crops are cassava, yam, plantain, rice, maize, potato etc. Considerable livestock and fish production potentials also exist, especially ruminants, poultry, snailery, cutting grass (grasscutter) and aquaculture.

Agriculture therefore is of particular importance in the economic transformation of the State, especially in the rural sector.

The manpower needed are available as citizens of the state are excitedly ready and willing to farm especially with the use of modern technological inputs and machineries to improve productivity of food making the state an agricultural hub in Nigeria.

The potential for increased agricultural production abound in the state. According to the Cocoa Research Institute of Nigeria (CRIN), out of the 485,000 hectares available for cocoa production in Edo State, only 57,259 hectares or 8.9% is cultivated, leaving 427,741 hectares available for cultivation.

Edo state is one of the Niger-Delta States (South-South region) of Nigeria.

Based on historical antecedents, its geographical location and land mass, the state has a foothold and veritable attraction for private sector investment in agriculture. Edo state is one of the 36 states in the federal Republic of Nigeria.

With a population of approximately 4million in 2011 the state has 1.1million hectares of arable land situated in the tropical savannah climate region.

The state has the fourth busiest airport in Nigeria and can be used to transport agricultural produce when necessary.

The plan of this government is to partner with the private sector in the area of agriculture with a view to generating employment, ensuring food security, poverty eradication and attainment of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Some of the leading agro-businesses in Nigeria today are located in Edo State Presco Oil Palm, Okomu Oil Palm Company PLC, A & Hartman Ltd, Aden River Estate Ltd, Rubber Estate of Nigeria, Versa Farms, Ojemai Farms Ltd, Osse River Rubber Estate, Rubber Estate Nigeria Ltd, etc.

Edo State is also home to Key Agricultural Research institutes like Nigerian Institute for Oil palm research (NIFOR), Rubber Research Institute, a branch of Cocoa Research institute, Forestry Research Institute, the Veterinary Research Institute etc.

Major Crops: Yams, Sorghum, millet, cassava, cowpeas, Fishery/Livestock, Corn & Rice. Key commercial crop is sesame.

Without doubt, Edo state is a miracle waiting to happen agriculturally, industrially and economically. Natural resources exist in abundance. There also exists a vibrant human resource base.

The state has initiated some very bold steps to filling existing gaps especially in the agricultural sector.